The total population of Candelaria as of 2015 is 117,434 persons. Pahinga Norte was the most populated barangay in the 2007, 2010 and 2015 censuses. Its 2015 population is 13,530.
The 2010 population data from the CBMS was used to analyze the distribution of Candelaria’s population by age and sex. According to the data obtained, there was an almost 1:1 ratio of males to females in the municipality in 2010. Of the total household population 55,184 were males and 55,149 were females.
AGE DEPENDENCY RATIO
The age group that had largest contribution to the total household population was the 5-9 group. It comprised 11.68% of the totalhousehold population in 2010. It was followed by those aged 10 to 14 years (11.27%) and 15 to 19 years (10.37%).
According to the 2010 CBMS data, 60.88% (67,170 persons) of the total household population comprised the working age group in 2010. The young dependents constituted 34.93% (38,540 persons) while the remaining 4.19% (4,623 persons) represented the elderly dependents.The youth dependency ratio for the municipality in 2010 was 57 while the elderly dependency ratio was 7. Accordingly, the total dependency ratio for the municipality in 2010 was 64. This means that for every 100 persons in the working age group, there were 75 dependents where 57 were young dependents and 7 were elderly dependents.
NUMBER AND TYPE OF SCHOOL
The Municipality of Candelaria has a total of 26 public elementary schools and five public secondary schools. The public elementary schools are divided into two districts: the East District and the West District.
The private sector also plays a role in the provision of education in Candelaria. The private schools in the municipality include 12 elementary schools, four secondary schools, two tertiary schools and two vocational schools.
As of 2013, public elementary schools accounted for 68% of all elementary schools in the municipality. For secondary schools, 56% are public schools while 44% are private schools. All the tertiary schools and vocational schools in the municipality are privately owned.
An increasing trend in enrollment was observed at the elementary and secondary level for the past three academic years. But there is a decreasing trend at preschools, tertiary, and vocational courses for years 2010-2012.
Based on the enrollment data for 2012, the average teacher-student ratio in public elementary schools is 1:44. This means that for every teacher, there are 40 students. Among the public elementary schools, Kinatihan I ES has the highest teacher-student ratio (1:57) followed by Pahinga Norte ES (1:52) and San Andres ES (1:52).
For public secondary schools, the average teacher-student ratio for 2012 is 1:40 which means that there are 40 students for one (1) high school teacher. The ratios in the municipality are higher than the DepEd standard teacher-student ratio which is 1:35. The teacher-student ratio for the Philippines, according to UNESCO, was 1:38 in 2010. Compared to the national average, the teacher-student ratio for Candelaria is higher.
Based on 2012 data, the average classroom-student ratio for public elementary schools in the municipality is 1:44. For public secondary schools, the average classroom-student ratio in 2012 was 1:54. The ratios for the municipality are higher than the DepEd standard classroom-student ratio of 1:35.
According to the CBMS, for the year 2010, out of the total population of 99,078 only 33,790 or 34.11% were part of the labor force in the municipality of Candelaria. Almost two-thirds of population (65.89%) are said to be non-members of the labor force which means they’re either retired (above 65) or under the working age of 15.
The employment rate was 97.93% while the unemployment rate is 2.07% for year 2010. From the CBMS data of 2010, the top 3 common reasons of unemployment were schooling (45.04%), housekeeping (27.97%) or either too young/old, retired or permanently disabled (19.14%). Other reasons were no work is available, work is seasonal, application still being processed or they were waiting to be rehired.
OVERSEAS FILIPINO WORKERS (OFW)
In the 2011 survey on OFWs by the BLES, the biggest number of OFWs came from Region IV-A (Calabarzon), with 16.5%. In the 2007 Census the total number of OFWs accounted for was 1,733, this number doubled in the 2010 CBMS with 3,138, comprising 9.29% of the total labor force. Most of the OFWs came from the urbanized barangays, such as Barangays Poblacion, Malabanban Norte, Masalukot I and Bukal Sur.
The top ten country destinations of OFWs from Candelaria, are mostly to the Middle East. This is common to most OFWs in the Philippines, where 80% work in Asian countries. It also explains that the top ten occupations of OFWs who are engaged abroad in said countries are working as domestic helpers and caregivers.
ACCESS TO SAFE WATER
Based on the CBMS 2010 data, 21,570 out of 22,666 or 87.89% of households in Candelaria have access to water provided by the Candelaria Water District and the Barangay Water System. However, the northernmost barangays that are near MountBanahaw, specifically Masalukot IV, Masalukot V and Bukal Norte do not receive safe distributed water from the LGU. Because of this, the residents of these barangays obtain water directly from Mount Banahaw. According to the Rural Health Office of Candelaria, water obtained directly from Mount Banahaw has a high mineral content that can be harmful to the liver and kidney.
ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY
Based on the CBMS 2010 data, 21,818 out of 22,666 or 96% of households in Candelaria have electricity. The barangay with the lowest number of households with electricity is Kinatihan I at 89.57% while the barangay with the highest number of households with electiricty is Masalukot I at 98.59%.
Almost all households have television sets, and most prefer cellphones over land lines. Based on CBMS data, 83.77% of households have televisions, 66.55% have cellphones, 51.73% have radios, 12.34 % have computers, and only 7.24% have landline phones.
Based on CBMS 2010 data, only 2% of households in Candelaria are considered informal settlements. Most of the informal settlements in Candelaria were located in Masin Sur, Pahinga Norte and Santa Catlina Norte, usually in empty lots and beside rivers.
Based on CBMS 2010 data, only 3.16% of households in Candelaria are made from makeshift materials.
SOCIAL WELFARE AND DEVELOPMENT
SOCIAL CASE STUDY REPORT
Since 2007, there has been a continuous increase in the total number of social case study reports per year. In 2012, the OMSWDO conducted a total of 653 social case studies. The majority of those social case studies (82.70%) were conducted in the urban barangays.
AID TO INDIVIDUALS IN CRISIS SITUATIONS (AICS)
An increase in the number of recipients of the AICS program has been observed every year since 2007. In 2012, there were a total of 559 recipients of the AICS program. Most of the recipients in 2012 (74.60%) came from urban barangays.
DAY CARE SERVICES
Among the 25 barangays in Candelaria, 21 barangays have day care centers with 11 having more than one center. Only four barangays do not have a day care center. These barangays are Buenavista West, Bukal Norte, Masalukot III and Masalukot IV.
In calendar year 2012-2013, there were a total 33 day care centers, 33 day care workers and 1,754 day care center students in Candelaria.
Upon the entry of the 1,174 children to the Day Care and Supplementary Feeding program in November 2012, 36 children (3.07%) were severely underweight, 256 children (21.81%) were underweight, 754 children (64.22%) were normal and 128 children (10.90%) were overweight. Three months later, on February 2013, a second weighing was conducted to track the improvements in the children’s nutritional status. The results of the second weighing showed that only 1 child (0.09%) was severely underweight, 124 children (10.56%) were underweight, 840 children (71.55%) were normal and 62 (5.28%) children were overweight.
In accordance with the Expanded Senior Citizens Act of 2003 (R.A. 9257), the LGU provides support for the welfare of its senior citizens through various programs and services from OMSWDO. The OMSWD also issuesthe senior citizen ID. Upon availing of a senior citizen ID, an elderly is entitled to a 20% discount on medicines and 5% discount on grocery items and agricultural products. In 2012, a total of 1,209 senior citizens applied for their senior citizen ID.
HEALTH, SANITATION AND NUTRITION
RURAL HEALTH UNIT
The Rural Health Unit (RHU) is located in Barangay Poblacion. It implements government health and welfareprograms through its 24 Barangay Health Centers. The government health and welfare programs include Medical Care, Maternal & Child Care, Family Planning, Nutritional Environment, Sanitation Control of SpecificDiseases, Administration Disaster Control, Dental Care, Laboratory Services, Food & Drug Supervision, Health Education Staff Development, and Special Projects on Health & Sanitation.
HOSPITALS AND HEALTH PERSONNEL
The Municipality of Candelaria has a total of three hospitals: the municipal hospital and two private hospitals. The Candelaria Municipal Hospital, also referred to as the Nursery Hospital, is situated in Barangay Masin Norte. The private hospitals, Peter Paul Medical Center and United Candelaria Doctors Hospital, are located in Barangay Poblacion and Barangay Mangilag Sur, respectively. These hospitals offer various medical services.
As of 2012, the local government unit has a total of four physicians, eight nurses, 26 midwives, two dentists, two sanitary inspectors, 30 hilots and 111 active barangay health workers. Aside from the government health personnel, there are also private health practitioners including 52 private physicians, 39 nurses and 10 midwives.
In 2010, most of the households in Candelaria (94.19%) had access to sanitary toilets. Masalukot III had the most number of households with access to sanitary toilets (100%) while Sta. Catalina Sur had the least number of households with access to sanitary toilets (74.17%).
POLICE STAFF AND FACILITIES
Candelaria has only around 30 to at most 45 police officers for the whole municipality from 2009 to 2013. The number of police officers in Candelaria is still low to serve and protect the whole population of the municipality. The ideal police to civilian population ratio is 1:500 and Candelaria has a ratio of 1:2000 with 42 police officers for over 100,000 civilians in 2013.
The headquarters in Barangay Poblacion and substation or police assistance center in Barangay Malabanban Norte are each staffed with 6 PNP personnel at a time. The traffic post in Argao Street, Barangay Poblacion is manned by 2 PNP Personnel at a time and supplemented by traffic aides. All police officers work 12-hour shifts. Until 2009, the police staff in Candelaria had non-uniformed personnel that do mostly clerical and management tasks, but since 2010 only commissioned and non-commissioned police officers consist the police staff.
FIRE PREVENTION STAFF AND FACILITIES
The number of firefighters assigned to the Candelaria Fire Station increased from 10 in 2007 to 17 in 2010.Then in 2013, the number decreased to only 14. Since 2008, the fire station has 1 non-uniformed personnel that mostly do clerical tasks at the fire station.
There is only one fire station for the whole municipality of Candelaria and it is located in the municipal compound in Barangay Poblacion. There are 3 vehicles used by the Candelaria Fire Station: 1 Ford Roughneck, 1 Isuzu Anos, and 1 Isuzu Elf. For communication, firefighters use 1 base and 1 handheld radio and 1 GTSI and 1 Digitel telephone.
JAIL MANAGEMENT STAFF AND FACILITIES
There has been a sharp decrease in jail management staff in 2013. From 10 jail officers in 2011 and 2012, only 6 jail officers are left to the Candelaria District Jail as of April 2013. Two jail officers are assigned to man the Candelaria District Jail at a time in a 12-hour shift.
In 2012, the Municipal Jail of Candelaria was renovated, increasing its lot area to 108.75 square meters and effectively doubling its jail capacity from 9 to 18. Since then, and with the closure of other jails in nearby municipalities, the jail in Candelaria has then received inmates from municipalities of Tiaong and Sariaya and has been upgraded into a District Jail. There are currently 38 inmates in the jail which is more than twice its capacityof 18. In terms of facilities, the District Jail of Candelaria has 1 Kia Van, 8 short firearms, 6 handcuffs, and 4 probatons all issued by the BJMP National Office. For communications, jail officers do not use radio but use their personal cellular phones instead.