GENERAL LAND USE
AGRICULTURAL LAND USE
Close to 3,000 ha or 17% of the total land area of the municipality is devoted to rice production. Most of the rice fields can be found on the southwestern and south central parts of the municipality particularly in Barangays Masin Norte and Sur, Buenavista East and West, Pahinga Norte and Sur, Kinatihan I and II, Santa Catalina Norte and Sur, and San Isidro. These rice fields are generally found on plains and lowland areas. It is important to note that almost 95% of Buenavista East’s and 75% of Buenavista West’s land area is devoted to rice production.
Being the dessicated coconut capital of the Philippines, Candelaria has vast lands dedicated to coconut farming. In fact, in almost every barangay coconut trees are in abundance. Almost 20% or 3500 ha of the municipality’s total land area are planted with coconut trees. Most of the coconut trees are found on the northern portion of the municipality, specifically Barangays Masalukot I, II, and III, Bukal Norte, Mayabobo, Malabanban Norte and Mangilag Norte. There are also large plantations in the southwestern and south central parts of Candelaria, particularly in Pahinga Sur, Kinatihan I and II, and Santa Catalina Norte. It is important to mention that the area within the protected landscape in Barangays Masalukot IV and V has not been included in the calculation for the total land area of lands devoted to coconut farming.
Aside from rice and coconut, Candelaria also has other kinds of crops and farm trees that occupy large portions of its agricultural land. One of the dominant crops in the municipality aside from rice is corn. Mango and banana tree farms are also apparent in many parts of Candelaria. A large area of these is found north of the Maharlika Highway, i.e. in Barangays Bukal Norte and Sur, Masin Norte, Masalukot I, II, III, IV and V, Mayabobo, Malabanban Norte and Mangilag Norte and Sur. Smaller areas of concentration of these crops and tree farms are found south of the said highway. The total land area of these cultivated lands devoted to the said crops and tree farms is 3,097.98 ha or 17.72% of the municipality’s total land area.
Most built-upareas are found at the center of the municipality along both sides of the Pan Philippine Highway and theRosario-San Juan Candelaria Road. As we go farther away from the center, these built-up areas become more scattered and sporadic. Built-up / settlement areas cover 1139.79 ha or 6.51% of the total land area of the municipality.
Many open spaces in Candelaria are found near the built-up areas of the municipality. However, there are also open spaces at the slopes of Mount Mayabobo and Mount Masalukot in Barangays Masalukot V and Masalukot IV, respectively. Many of these open spaces near built-up areas are also found within subdivisions, which may be allocated as residential or institutional land uses. Meanwhile, plans for the open spaces that are located far from built-up areas are still uncertain. These open spaces make up about 159.09 hectares or 0.91% of the municipality’s total land area.
A portion of the Mount Banahaw-San Cristobal landscape has been officially classified as a protected landscape under the National Integrated Protected Area System Act of 1992 (NIPAS Act). It covers approximately 2,181.33 ha or 12.45% of the municipality’s total land area. It covers almost 90% of Barangay Masalukot IV and the northern part of Barangay Masalukot V. Because it is a heavily forested region only a small number of people live in this area.
URBAN LAND USE
The institutional center of the Municipality of Candelaria is situated in a 0.56 ha compound in Barangay Poblacion. The municipal compound houses the Municipal Hall along with several offices (Municipal Planning and Development Office, Municipal Health Office, Municipal Social Welfare and Development Office, Office of the Municipal Assessor, Municipal Budget Office, etc.), the Municipal Library, and the Municipal Police Station.
Religious institutions include the San Pedro Bautista Church which is located in a 1.28 ha lot right across the municipal compound. The open area in front of this church also serves as a venue for various activities like group exercises, municipal celebrations, festivals, etc. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints is also located a few blocks away.
There are also quite a number of academic institutions in Candelaria which include primary public and private schools such as Candelaria Elementary School Main, Candelaria Elementary School I and II, Candelaria West District, Manuel Luis Quezon Elementary School, and United Evangelical School Inc. The secondary and tertiary schools include Lady Mediatrix Institute and Tayabas Western Academy. There are two vocational schools, the Chrisville Institute of Technology and the Compskill Learning Institute.
Most of the commercial establishments in Candelaria are located adjacent to the Pan Philippine Highway traversing Barangays Poblacion, Malabanban Norte, and Masin Norte. These establishments is are densely found in Cabunag Street in Barangay Poblacion, considered as the municipality’s major business district. They are primarily retail and service-oriented businesses purveying goods and services to consumers. These include but are not limited to, banks, pharmacies, general merchandise, restaurants, bakeries, barber and beauty shops, gasoline filling stations, lumber and building materials dealers, and motor vehicle dealers. It is also important to note that the public market is located in Barangay Pahinga Norte.
Residential areas in Candelaria are more densely and uniformly distributed in the urban centers compared to its rural counterpart. In Barangay Poblacion the residential structures exhibits a grid pattern. It is also interesting to note that some of the houses located in Barangay Poblacion, especially those that are situated near the Pan Philippine Highway, also serve as commercial establishments. The most notable are medical and dental clinics, legal offices, preschools, general merchandise, etc. Moreover, these residential areas are also well-served in terms of basic services and facilities.